Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae


Size / Weight / Age

Max length: 64.0 cm
Max published weight: 3,600 g
Max reported age: 14 years


Demersal; oceanodromous; marine; depth range 5 – 143 m

Climate / Range

Temperate; 55°N – 31°N


Sole is a group of flatfish belonging to several families. Generally speaking, they are members of the familySoleidae, but, outside Europe, the name sole is also applied to various other similar flatfish, especially other members of the sole suborder Soleoidei as well as members of the flounder family. In European cookery, there are several species which may be considered true soles, but the common or Dover sole Solea solea, often simply called the sole, is the most esteemed and most widely available.

The name sole comes from its resemblance to a sandal, Latin solea. In other languages, it is named for the tongue, e.g. German Seezunge, Spanish lenguado, Turkish dil.


Western Atlantic: Labrador, Canada to Georgia, USA.