Classification / Names

Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Bramidae (Pomfrets)


Size / Weight / Age

Max length: 47.0 cm


Bathypelagic; marine; depth range 1 – 520 m

Climate / Range



Pomfret are perciform fishes belonging to the family Bramidae. They are found in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans, and the largest species, the Atlantic pomfret, Brama brama, grows up to 1 metre (3.3 ft) long.

Several species are important food fish, especially Brama brama in south Asia. The earlier form of the pomfret's name was pamflet, a word which probably ultimately comes from Portuguese pampo, referring to various fish such as the blue butterfish (Stromateus fiatola).

Body color dark-brown to black. Scales on body and head spineless. Scaleless areas above and behind the eye. Caudal fin rounded in young and juveniles, forked in adults. Attains 47 cm SL.

Dorsal spines (total): 0
Dorsal soft rays (total): 33-35
Anal spines: 0
Anal soft rays: 24
Vertebrae: 17 – 23


Pacific Ocean: Okinawa (Ryukyu Islands), Fiji and Tuvalu, Hawaii. Indian Ocean: western part of equatorial zone.